The following statement caught my attention, "However, it is equally true that when a foreign policy issue affects a state's interests, especially where it undermines the strong ideological positions of a regional party in power, the center can no longer afford to ignore their views."
As an observer and commentator on foreign policy, this article was a good reading. Glad to see democracy at works in India. The state's safeguard their interests vigorously. A sign of freedom and local governance.
Our systems, meaning the US and Indian systems are demonstrating more common elements.
On an odd note, when I see Jay Lalitha, I think of the movie Izzat with Dharmendra, I was not a witness to her role in politics as I have been out of India since 1977. Here is a song, you may enjoy, if our kids in America see this, they can't believe men chase and harass women in India, of course it is in the movies only. Has any one of you ever sang a song to a girl who is not engaged to you yet? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eRCEjkhWTo8
Speaker on Pluralism
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By Bharat Bhushan Analyst
In both instances, crucial foreign policy issues were on the agenda.
Ms Banerjee has claimed that Mrs Clinton did not raise the issue of water sharing between India and Bangladesh on the Teesta river or foreign direct investment (FDI) in multi-brand retail in their meeting.
However, the US secretary of state had made her views on the twin issues very clear in a televised public interview in Calcutta a day earlier.
She was not unaware that the two initiatives of the Delhi government had been scuttled by West Bengal's chief minister. Ms Banerjee is also the head of the Trinamool Congress party, a key ally of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's coalition.
Weak centre With the Tamil Nadu chief minister last July, Mrs Clinton had also discussed a foreign policy issue - finding ways of putting pressure on Colombo for the rehabilitation of Sri Lankan Tamils displaced by the war against the Tamil Tigers.
The Americans seem to have recognised that certain foreign policy issues cannot be pushed with a weak central government in Delhi alone.
It is the prime minister's job to push the policies of his government and not that of the foreign minister of another country”End Quote
There are other instances of how foreign policy issues get shaped by the local agendas of certain states or regional political leaders.
The Tamil Nadu cabinet passed a resolution against restarting work on the Koodankulam nuclear power plant - stalled by anti-nuclear protesters - knowing full well that it would impact on Indo-Russian relations.
Later, Chief Minister Jayalalithaa was persuaded to change her stance. The price she is believed to have extracted was to get India to vote against Sri Lanka at the UN Human Rights Commission on the Tamil rights issue.
Regional Tamil party DMK, a coalition partner of the central government, also pushed Delhi to vote with the US on the Sri Lanka resolution - although up to then India had always made a virtue of not voting on any country-specific UN resolution.
Up north, the Jammu and Kashmir state legislature of Indian-administered Kashmir occasionally discusses walking out of the Indus Water Treaty with Pakistan as some Kashmiris consider it an unfair treaty.
These are instances where the states have had to be brought on board on issues which impinge on India's relationship with foreign countries.
Up to a decade ago, these would have been seen strictly in the domain of the central government. After all, the Indian constitution places foreign affairs - defined as "all matters which bring the Union into relations with any foreign country" - in the Union List, meaning states can exercise no power over it.
That does not seem to be the case any longer.
One cannot draw an unequivocal conclusion that all foreign policy is being hobbled by the states as there is a large domain of foreign policy which continues to be pursued by the centre without any state opposition.
However, what happens when foreign powers start making tentative approaches to the regional leaders directly?
The Teesta water sharing treaty and FDI in multi-brand retail are not issues that specifically refer to US interests.
FDI in multi-brand retail is not solely an Indo-US issue - there are a number of European countries which are also waiting for the policy change.
If the head of Walmart or Carrefour were to meet officials from the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) or the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) on the issue, nobody would object.
However, if the US secretary of state starts leveraging her weight to ram the door open for FDI in multi-brand retail, then even those who think it is a genuinely good idea will stop favouring it. Ham-handed US diplomacy in this case is likely to be counter-productive.
If Americans blatantly push their agenda on FDI in multi-brand retail with West Bengal, they also stand in danger of being seen as disregarding the constitutional distribution of powers between the centre and the states in India; and undermining the position of the Indian prime minister.
It is the prime minister's job to push the policies of his government and not that of the foreign minister of another country.
The inability of the centre to push its foreign policy or economic agendas reflects its incompetence in handling its allies and other regional parties.
However, that is a domestic matter and does not justify tolerating foreign forays in India's internal affairs - even if these have foreign policy implications.